Updated: Jul 9
An ovarian cyst is "fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or surface." Most ovarian cysts are benign (noncancerous), and many will disappear without treatment. However, many women may have ovarian cysts at some time, and most ovarian cysts present little to no discomfort and are generally harmless.
There can also be moments where pain or discomfort can be encountered, depending on the ovarian cyst you may have.
Take a look at some types of cysts:
Functional cysts, commonly known as ovulatory cysts, are the most common kind of cyst that usually causes no symptoms. They can form as follicular cysts (developing in the follicle, a small sac in the ovary) or as corpus luteum cysts (developing after the follicle releases its egg).
Dermoid or teratoma: it can be present at birth and may contain other tissue such as hair, bone, teeth, or skin. These are relatively rare, with about 10 out of 100,000 women estimated to have this type of cyst.
Cystadenoma: a cyst found on the surface of the ovary and filled with fluid or ovarian tissue
Endometrioma: These are blood-filled cysts that grow on tissue outside the uterus. Ovarian cysts may not pose any threat to a woman's body; there can still be instances that they could be harmful to the body.
But what are some possible risk factors?
If you have a history of ovarian cysts or ruptured ovarian cysts, there is a possibility of having a ruptured ovarian cyst.
After strenuous exercise and after sexual intercourse, cysts can rupture.
When the cysts are more significant, it has the potential to burst easily.
Once the ovarian has grown in size, it may cause feelings of:
Fullness or heaviness in your abdomen
Keep in mind: The more considerable the cyst, the greater the risk of rupture.
A ruptured ovarian cyst is a condition of a damaged ovary where the fluid from the cyst has leaked into the abdominal cavity. Ruptured ovarian cysts can cause severe symptoms, leading to a more problematic medical situation that may cause internal bleeding and severe pain. It can be a medical emergency and require immediate treatment or even surgery.
Now, what are the common signs when the ovarian cyst has ruptured?
It can cause sudden pain in your pelvic area. It is usually sharp and on the lower right side in most instances.
For some cysts like endometriomas, the pain can be on either side.
There can also be instances of feeling pain after sexual intercourse or when you're exercising.
Different kinds of cysts that rupture may cause pain during your menstrual cycle. The pain from an ovarian cyst is likely to begin at the midpoint of your process.
Other symptoms may include:
bleeding from the vagina
tenderness in the pelvic/abdominal area
increased pain while sitting
full or heavy feeling in your pelvis
Ruptured ovarian cysts are part of a woman's menstrual cycle and frequently dissolve independently. You may not even know that you have them (like functional cysts are not only typical but expected). However, other types of ovarian cysts may be problematic, and it is something that you must observe to prevent extreme pain.
Here's something you should do:
If you have severe pelvic pain or have experienced any other symptoms, it will be wise to see your doctor as soon as possible or go to the emergency room. Pelvic pain can have many causes, and some can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. Usually, pain relievers can treat ruptured cysts. But in some cases, you may need surgery to remove the cyst.
We, women, should take extra care of our bodies! We should be alert and observant enough to know what is happening within us. But don't worry, we got you covered! I invite you to join me and my fellow "cysters" in our Womb Warrior Community. Don't you think this is an excellent time to reclaim your healthy body and be free from all the pain?